AMF are amazing – In many ways, AMF are keystone species for both managed and natural systems. These invisible plant symbionts are responsible for so many ecosystem services: beyond increasing biomass of their hosts, AMF can reduce the need for fertilizers and pesticides, and make crops more drought-tolerant.
The three ‘R’s–reduce, reuse, and recycle–can serve as a lens to help organic farmers “take-back” fertility.
Most urban centres have bylaws restricting access to ‘agricultural livestock’ leaving some gardeners trying to sneak a hen or two into their basements. Without question, the most productive and prolific of livestock is one that all urban gardeners and rural farmers need to appreciate more—the ‘lowly’ earthworm.